Baking Soda: to Boil Eggs (Perfect)

How to make perfect boiled eggs with baking soda.

Most people love eating a delicious boiled egg, especially in the morning. Sometimes they can be very difficult to peel, and may crack in the pan leaking everywhere.

To make perfect boiled eggs you should first choose eggs which are between 7 and 10 days old. Here are some more tricks for making perfect boiled eggs.

1. It can be very annoying when trying to peel a boiled egg and it breaks apart, losing its smooth surface. Try adding 1 teaspoon of baking soda, also known as sodium bicarbonate to the water. This makes the cooking water more alkaline, causing the eggs to become easier to peel later on.
2. Never add vinegar to the water. Some recipes recommend adding vinegar, however this can make the shells of the egg harder to remove.
3. Take your eggs out the refrigerator an hour before cooking. Very cold eggs are more likely to crack in the pan when they are heated up. 
4. To find out how old your eggs are, place them in a bowl of cold water. If the egg lays on its side at the bottom it’s very fresh. If it stands upright at the bottom, it’s perfect for boiling. If the egg floats, it’s old and should be thrown away.
5. If your eggs still keep cracking when you boil them, making a mess in the water, try adding a little salt to the water. This makes the egg whites coagulate quicker, stopping them leaking from the shell.
6. Always start with cold water, and let the eggs warm up with the water on the stove. This prevents them from becoming too hot too quickly and cracking.
7. Once your eggs are boiled, pour out the hot water and add cold water. Let them sit in this for a few minutes. The temperature change will help you to peel them.

A Glance At Symptoms, Causes, And Treatment Of Hemorrhoid

Hemorrhoids or more commonly known as piles is a medical term used to explain a condition where the veins located around the anus or lower rectum swells. It is a very condition which affects 50% of the adults before the age of 50. Hemorrhoids can be either internal or external, wherein the latter one is extremely painful. The difficulty to pass feces along with severe itching and difficulty in sitting can be very annoying, however, the good news is that hemorrhoids are treatable.  

raleigh digestive specialists

But how to know it is piles? Here are a few symptoms to be mindful of.
· Extreme itching around the anus
· Irritation and pain around the anus
· Lump around the anus
· Difficulty in passing fecal matter though you don’t have constipation
· Bloody discharge along with faeces

Prolonged hemorrhoids can lead to the development of other diseases like anemia, weakness, pale skin and fatigue.

However, the real question here remains as to why does a person develop hemorrhoids? What are the causes? Here is to understand them better.

· Too much pressure during the bowel movement
· Constipation
· Family history of piles
· Sitting on the toilet for prolonged periods of time

Popular hemorrhoid doctor NC based informs that it is not a life-threatening disease, though painful. Piles can be cured depending on the severity of the situation. Treatment of hemorrhoids is possible using several methods. Some of them can be summarized as follows.

· If you have been diagnosed with hemorrhoids, you can soak in a warm tub of water for at least 10 minutes to lessen the pain.
· Ointments and over the counter medications are also available to relieve you from the pain.
· Avoid using soaps to clean your anus. Dry towels and rough tissues should be refrained from using as well. Use warm water to wash your anus.
· If the hemorrhoids become too big to deal with, minor operations might also be conducted by specialists.

Hemorrhoids are totally curable, so if you are affected by it, don’t be bogged down. Visit a good doctor and get yourself treated. Consume foods that are high in fiber and have a balanced diet. Drink 3 liters of water every day. One of the best digestive health specialists Dr. Kurt Vernon is available to help you deal with piles. He uses the latest equipment and his expertise to cure hemorrhoids. Charging nominal fees, bid uneasiness adieu to the right treatment.

Vintage Dinosaur Art: In the Days of the Dinosaurs - Part 2

Have you thought much about Corythosaurus recently? No? Well, no one seems to care so much about Corythosaurus these days, do they? It's all, "Shantungosaurus this" and "Olorotitan that". Back in the 1950s, though, Corythosaurus was the talk of the town, and so it's only natural that Jean Zallinger illustrated it for the remarkably good In the Days of the Dinosaurs (do read Part 1 if you haven't already). Of course, it's messing about on the river.

Again, this illustration shows that Zallinger was paying a greater-than-usual amount of attention to the animal's anatomy; note the quite precise way the skull is drawn, and the particular curve of the spine over the shoulders. I wouldn't mind betting that it's largely based on the famous specimen on display in the AMNH (AMNH 5240).

Andrews devotes a chapter of the book to  "Dinosaurs with Armor [sic]", although rather than being a section dedicated to thyreophorans, it instead concerns various distantly related animals that evolved pointy bits with which to defend themselves from predators. As Andrews puts it:
"For thousands of years the smaller dinosaurs were eaten by the bigger ones. They were eaten for breakfast, lunch, or dinner - whenever they were caught."
This raises the (no doubt intentionally) amusing image of dinosaurs with set mealtimes, although lacking convenient supermarkets to visit. In any case, the first of these great armoured brutes to appear in the book is Stegosaurus (above), in an illustration that is as beautifully shaded as any of the others, but very of its time. I do like the rows of small scutes along the animal's flanks, much as the static, hump-backed appearance of the animal is all too predictable.

Ankylosaurus appears too, of course, in classic super-squat, rather short-tailed guise. It's very adorable. I can't help but be drawn to the silhouetted pterosaur in the top left - it seems altogether sleeker and pointier looking than your typical background pteranodont.

Triceratops is up next, looking...rather interesting. The peculiar, semicircular, fanned-out appearance of the frill is shared with Rudolph Zallinger's The Age of Reptiles depiction. Somehow, though, Jean Zallinger's illustration manages to make the animal look even more corpulent - it's probably that vein-like skin fold on the belly, and the especially fat tail. (As an aside, the contrasting skin texture of the tail does make it almost look like a monstrous parasitic worm has inserted itself up where the sun don't shine.) I do think the shading on this one is especially lovely, serving to highlight the very many interesting contours of the face, where the skin appears to adhere to the underlying bone very closely. This approach (along with the resulting lizardy lips) was very popular back in the day, fell out of favour somewhat, but is now being given a second look. In some areas, 'shrink wrapping' of the face might be justified if the bone texture suggests it. Why yes, I have been following what Mark Witton's been up to recently.

Naturally, it's Monoclonius that shores up the ceratopsian team in the Armoured Dinosaurs category. It's another one of those slightly dubious genera that's fallen by the wayside, although I'll forever remember it as being the cute blue fellow with the glassy yellow eyes. In any case, this illustration looks awfully familiar to me, but I just can't quite put my finger on it. The tail seems to be emerging in a bit of an odd place on this one, although that might just be an issue of perspective. It's also interesting to note that the toes are more 'separated' here, as opposed to the more elephantine feet on Triceratops - they're actually a much better match for how ceratopsian feet really look. It may be some combination of lack of information on Triceratops at the time with the expectation of how such a huge animal 'should' look. Certainly, I think it's the latter that's resulted in the trope persisting until very recently.

This being a book written by Roy Chapman Andrews Himself, Protoceratops does of course appear, although outside the "Dinosaurs with Armor" chapter. It's a very typical portrayal of a beast squatting over a tightly-packed nest. Now here's an idea for a throwaway gag in Jurassic World 2: It Could Have Been Worse, John: a shot featuring dozens of caged Protoceratops, crammed together like battery hens, laying endless eggs onto a conveyor belt. You can have that one on me, Universal. But I digress. This illustration notably includes the wee teeth in the front of the mouth, so often missing from contemporary (and even more modern) depictions of this animal. And the tree in the background is well done. Love a good tree, me.

Naturally, Protoceratops is featured in a chapter that details Andrews' exploits in Mongolia. Not only is Andrews' story a ripping yarn in whichever book it appears, it also gives Zallinger the chance to illustrate some properly stunning landscapes. Based on the above image, I can only wish that she had included a backdrop like this in some of her dinosaur illustrations - they would have been properly stunning. Stick a tiny dinosaur somewhere at the foot of this rocky outcrop, and you'd have people like me stroking their chins thoughtfully and complimenting the beautiful composition. But alas, it wasn't to be.

Andrews set out on his Mongolia expedition in 1922, apparently with a convoy of eight old-time motor cars. I'm grateful to Zallinger for illustrating this, as to modern eyes it looks absolutely crazy; like a parade of veteran charabancs, overloaded with kit, attempting to traverse terrain more suited to a well-beaten 4x4, or indeed a camel train. What a wonderful image.

And finally...the book's endpapers feature a very familiar-looking Bronto, apparently modelled on The Age of Reptiles mural, disdainful look and all. Still, the vegetation (what little there is) is again very well drawn, and I continue to be impressed by the very subtle scaly skin texture, where so many others apparently gave up and just made their sauropods look like completely smooth-skinned blimps. Having (I must confess) not been aware of Jean Zallinger's work before I wrote this post, I now want to seek out more of it. Lovely job (and thanks again to Charles Leon for sending me the scans).

Coming up next: TetZooCon! Again!

Watermelon and Ginger Juice: Benefits (Natures Viagra)

The benefits of watermelon and ginger juice as a natural Viagra and more.

1. Watermelon contains a delicious bright red flesh which is often eaten in the summer, as it is refreshing. 

Ginger root is often used as a spice and has some wonderful health benefits.

2. When these ingredients are mixed together to create a special juice, they can be used to treat erectile dysfunction in men, and are cleansing for the body in women.

3. Erectile dysfunction is a common condition for men, especially as they get older. It can also be caused by surgery, high blood pressure and medication.

4. Watermelon contains an amino acid called L-citrulline. This is very healthy for the human body as it causes the blood vessels to dilate. This lowers blood pressure, increases blood flow and helps men to get erections.

This is also very beneficial for women, as poor blood flow promotes ill health. The watermelon juice can help to protect the vital organs, preventing dizziness and fainting we they age.

5. Ginger is also a powerful natural stimulant, which also aids blood flow and warms the body. The aroma and flavour of this spice also acts as an aphrodisiac, in order to become “switched on” in the bedroom. This has been referenced in the “Kama Sutra.”

6. Drinking these two wonderfully healthy foods together in the form of a juice, will not only help your sex life, but also trigger some wonderful health benefits in your body.

Let’s take a look at the recipe.

You Will Need

1 Watermelon
1 inch Ginger Root
Ice Cubes


Wash the watermelons outer skin, and then slice the fruit into cubes. Do not remove the watermelon skin, this contains many nutrients and chlorophyll which is important. Take around 3 cups of watermelon and place in a blender, along with 1 inch of sliced ginger root. 

Feel free to add a few ice cubes to cool this if you wish to drink it straight away.

Process the mixture until smooth and then use a sieve to remove the fibres and drink. This serves around 2-3 glasses.

You can drink this every single day as often as you wish. It is absolutely delicious, and can be used as a healthy breakfast. 

7. This drink helps to hydrate the body, whilst adding lots of vitamins and minerals to your daily regimen.

8. The antioxidants will also help to increase your libido. A little exercise can also help to stimulate the blood flow.

9. If you prefer you can purchase L.Citrulline and Ginger in capsule form. These are easier to take, except you won’t get to enjoy the delicious flavour of this drink!

10. Don’t worry about the watermelon seeds. They are perfectly edible and contain some health boosting vitamins including A and C, which can help your body in numerous ways.

11. You can store this drink in the refrigerator for up to 2 days, but the fresher the better with these natural juices.

12. To learn more about the many health benefits of watermelon, and ginger. Please see our other videos.

Chlorella Powder: Benefits for Health

The Health benefits and uses of chlorella powder.

Chlorella is a natural green algae, which is listed within the some of most powerful superfoods in the world. 

This is often dried to create a powder which can be taken on a daily basis to boost your health.

Chorella Powder is one of the richest sources of chlorophyll, a natural green pigment found in plants which fights many diseases and problems with the human body. 

Let’s take a look at what this can do for you.

1. Fights Cancer
Taking a supplement of chlorella each day, helps to fight cancer. Studies have shown this to cause cancer cell death. This is caused by the effectiveness of the vitamins within which are absorbed by the body easily.
2. Protects the Body During Chemotherapy
Chlorella has been shown to help the body to cope with chemotherapy, and radiation therapy. It effectively removes radioactive particles from the body.
3. Increases Gut Health
Chlorella causes your gut to grow more friendly bacteria (lactobacillus) This can heal the gut lining, and aids you digestion.
4. Boosts The Immune System
The nutrients within chlorella boost the immune system making you more resistant to diseases and infections.
5. Detoxification
One of the most popular qualities of this superfood is its ability to detoxify the body by binding to heavy metals. This also helps to flush out harmful pesticides which we find on our fruit and vegetables.
6. Weight Loss
Chlorella regulates hormone levels and boosts the metabolism of the body. This causes natural weight loss, and helps to reduce body fat. It also causes you to have more energy, which can be used for exercise.
7. Anti-Aging
It decreases oxidative stress on the body and can slow down the process of aging.
It does the by boosting glutathione and vitamins in the body which destroy free radicals.
8. Lowers Blood Sugar and Cholesterol
Chlorella activates genes at the cellular level which improve insulin sensitivity. This encourages a healthy balance, lowering both blood sugar levels and bad cholesterol. 
9. Boosts Nutrition
Chlorella Contains 19 of the 22 essential amino acids required by the human body to function perfectly. It is also rich with protein, Vitamins A, B1, B2, B3, Iron, Magnesium and Zinc and Phosphorus.

How To Take Chlorella: 

1 Teaspoon of chlorella powder added to a glass of water once a day is enough to boost your health. You can also take chlorella in the form of tablets or supplements if you do not like the earthly taste. Alternatively blend the powder with your favourite smoothies, or add to your breakfast cereal.

Be sure to purchase “Cracked Cell Wall” Chlorella powder for the best effects.

Final Facts

Did you know that chlorella powder was researched in the 1940’s to be used as a food source for starving Europeans after world war 2? It is nowadays used by Astronauts as a protein supplement and was the first whole food ever to go into space! 

Beasts of the Grand Staircase!

This Wednesday, October 11, is National Fossil Day in the US, during which science organizations around the country hold paleontology outreach events. The National Park Service and partner organizations are holding a major Fossil Day event on the National Mall in Washington, DC. To see what events are happening near you, see the list from Sarah Gibson at PLOS Paleo Community (parts one and two).

Just over a week ago, I was contacted by David Polly, president of the Society of Vertebrate Paleontology, to design some Fossil Day outreach materials. The SVP wanted to commission a set of trading cards highlighting six amazing dinosaur discoveries at Utah's Grand Staircase-Escalante National Monument. I was thrilled to get the gig and pitched the idea of doing something colorful, graphic, and fun. Dr. Polly had a list of taxa in mind, so I started sketching. A few days later, the art was given the thumbs up and the cards went into production! This was one of the quickest project turnarounds I've ever worked on, and I'm totally pleased with the end result.

"Beasts of the Grand Staircase" trading cards, designed by David Orr of Blue Aster Studio for the Society of Vertebrate Paleontology. Photo by David Polly.

This project was special for a few reasons. First of all, this was the first time I was commissioned by the SVP to create something, and that's something of a dream come true. Second, ceratopsids are a heck of a lot of fun to draw, and this set was half ceratopsid! Third, I was very happy to draw Utahceratops gettyi; many of you may already know that the species' namesake, Mike Getty, passed away tragically a few weeks ago. I never had the chance to meet him, but I've appreciated the fond tributes from folks in the paleontology community whose life he impacted. And finally, the protection of public lands is an issue close to my heart, and they are in peril. We need to raise up a grassroots effort to defend these precious places.

Thank you to Dr. Polly for bringing me aboard this outreach effort. Learn more information about the DC event on the SVP news page. The SVP is also distributing a flyer I designed featuring the card art for all to share. Have a great National Fossil Day, everyone!

Vintage Dinosaur Art: In the Days of the Dinosaurs - Part 1

Now here's a curious one - a book from 1959, written by the great Roy Chapman Andrews and illustrated by Jean Zallinger. Wait, you mean Rudolph, surely? Well, no; Rudolph Zallinger may be the man behind The Age of Reptiles mural in the Peabody museum, but his wife Jean Day Zallinger is a prolific illustrator, and it shouldn't really be too surprising that she should lend her hand to a book such as this. It's strange not seeing Rudolph's name in this saurian context, but Jean is more than capable of holding her own...even if The Age of Reptiles does heavily influence some of the art here, as we shall see.

This is another one sent to me by Charles Leon - thanks again Charles!

Charles sent me two different covers for this one; one featuring just a Stegosaurus, with rather demonic red eyes, and the other with a Stego accompanied by some sauropods. They're serviceable, and provide an attractive splash of colour, but a little dull. I suppose it doesn't help that stegosaurs of this area inevitably end up looking very depressed, like they've just heard a Boris Johnson speech. Happily, there are much more interesting illustrations to be found within.

In fact, the above illustration of a gathering of hadrosaurs ("Trachodon", of course) is so good, it's used twice. The dinosaurs may be of their time, but are well observed and proportioned with it. The foliage, meanwhile, is just gorgeous - lush, varied, and detailed. Rarely is so much attention paid to mere foliage in palaeoart of this vintage, and it really helps create an engaging, naturalistic scene. It's telling how much carefully illustrated foliage can enhance the sense of realism in a piece, even when the art style isn't strictly 'realistic' or hyper-detailed; of course, all the best palaeoartists today are well aware of this.

When compared with the glorious flora in the hadrosaur scene, the chunky palm stuck behind Iguanodon here looks a little perfunctory. The animal itself, while obviously very typical of the time, at least has decently bulky, muscular arms, and a head that's the right sort of shape. Zallinger seems to have an affinity for warty, knobbly bits - as evidenced nowhere else better than in her illustration of...

...Brontosaurus, the Thunder Lizard! There's a lot more interesting detailing going on here than is typical for contemporary depictions of sauropods, and certainly more than initially meets the eye. The scaly skin effect is quite masterful, with the animal's textured hide being expertly shaded; a wonderful contrast to the often pachyderm-like skin seen on historic reconstructions. The peculiarly gnarled and knobbly head is an intriguing touch. It shows that Zallinger was viewing these beasts as real animals, inventing quirky display structures and anatomy the likes of which might not be construed from fossils. Obviously, the reconstruction as a whole simply wouldn't pass muster today (and it follows the trends of the age in seriously downplaying that fat neck), but for 1959, it's quite lovely.

Not so lovely are these "strange sea creatures of long ago". I dunno - is a big turtle that strange? And why were these animals always depicted as if they were trying to escape the sea, rather than just inhabiting it? Maybe palaeoartists of old felt that these creatures were utterly alien to their conceptions of marine life, and so they felt the need to depict them as something less than fully aquatic. Or maybe it's due to being biased towards human viewpoints. Or maybe crashing waves look really cool. It's probably a pretentious essay for another time.

Never mind all that, then - here's a hadrosaur! "The fingers of his small hands were joined by skin. Each hand was like a duck's foot...This dinosaur loved the water," Andrews explains. Thankfully, Zallinger ignores all this, instead depicting "Trachodon" standing alone on land, nervously glancing over its shoulder lest one of those hideous crocomurderbirds sneak up on it. Again, the skin texture is marvellous (very probably inspired by hadrosaur mummies), and the rows of larger, raised scales on the tail are a nice touch.

Where Trachedmontosaurotitan goes, of course, Rexy will surely follow. This illustration is very obviously based on the Age of Reptiles version by that other Zallinger, but there are a few notable differences. The black lumps down the animal's back have been exaggerated, and the skin textures are more varied - with tougher-looking upper parts giving way to a smoother, but still wrinkled, underbelly. The arms, meanwhile, are just plain creepy. I think a lot of it has to do with the extra digits; they're also disconcertingly humanoid.

Alas, poor "Trachodon" inevitably ends up as Rexy's lunch, in this very Knight-inspired illustration. This is a strikingly different depiction of Rexy - almost every small detail, from the shape of the head down to the number of fingers, is different. Even the black back lumps are gone. Meanwhile, the "Trachodon" now sports those aforementioned webbed fingers.
And finally...the King of Tyrants sleeping. This Rexy more closely resembles the Knightian version, appearing relatively svelte, with chunkier arms and two fingers, as opposed to the more rotund, Godzilla-like (Rudolph) Zallinger-influenced version. Rexy might be "the most terrible animal that ever walked the Earth" according to Andrews, but he doesn't half look adorable when having a kip. "For several days he sleeps soundly. No other dinosaur dares bother him," Andrews writes. Plenty of time for John Conway to sneak up and make a few sketches.

Next time: there's a whole lot more where this came from...