This Mesozoic Month: May 2017

On account of my globe-trekking this month, I finished up the round-up earlier than usual. So if cool stuff happened in the last 10 days of May, I'll include them next time around.

In the News

What do you do when you've got an awesome new ankylosaur to share with the world, but fear that this awesomebro world isn't gonna show up for a stinkin' ornithischian? Name it Zuul crurivastator, of course. Check out the excellent page dedicated to Zuul from the Royal Ontario Museum and read more from coauthor and awesome name-chooser Victoria Arbour, Brian Switek, Fernanda Castano, and Rachel Feltman.

One month, two hot new Thyreophorans in the news. The Suncor nodosaur has been fully revealed to the public, and it is a stunner. We've been hearing about this one since 2011, so it's pretty awesome to see this beauty. Paleontologist Dr. Donald Henderson describes it as "a perfectly three-dimensionally preserved, uncrushed, armoured dinosaur complete with all the armour in place, original scales perfectly aligned with the armour, all the fingers and toes (very rare), and probable stomach contents." It's truly remarkable, easily mistaken for a sculpture of a dinosaur than a fossil. Read more from Henderson at the Guardian's "Lost Worlds" blog, the Royal Tyrell Museum blog, and Michael Greshko for NatGeo.

Jianianhualong. Read more from Nature and Earth Archives.

Any terrestrial, non-avian dinosaur material from the eastern US is precious, and this month, we got another piece of the puzzle: it seems that ceratopsians lived in Appalachia, too. Read more from co-author Andy Farke and read the paper at PeerJ.

Around the Dinoblogosphere

Mark Witton wrote about the amphibious ichthyosaur hypothesis, including some great old art.

SV-POW's Matt Wedel talked sauropods on Fist Full of Podcasts recently.

Liz Martin-Silverstone wrote about a bunch of significant fossils from Canada in her continuing series on the nation's paleontological heritage.

At Dinosaurpalaeo, Heinrich Mallison wrote about Haarlem's Teylers museum. As you may recall, Marc Vincent also wrote about Teylers back in 2013 here ate LITC.

Paul Pursglove writes about the Biddulph Grange Gardens pterosaur at the Pterosaur Database blog.

While pterosaurs are on your mind, check out the Dinosaur Toy Blog's review of the new CollectA Dimorphodon.

The LITC AV Club

Since the amazing tar sands nodosaur has hit the press with a splash, check out this Royal Tyrrell Museum video from 2012 about the discovery.

The Empty Wallets Club

Check out Gareth Monger's celebration of extant dinosaurs, a new design series that sprung from a logo commission that was rejected. Turning lemons to lemonade, and all that. His first featured a sweet minimalist ibis, and he followed that up with a pheasant.

Crowdfunding Spotlight

The stem-primate protagonists of Paleocene, © Mike Keesey

Mike Keesey's Paleocene is coming to print! It funded already, but the campaign is still active for another week. Head to Kickstarter to make your pledge. I've written about the comic here before, because I freakin' love it. Here's Mike's explanation of his inspiration:

Back in 2000, my friend Michael Kirkbride pitched me the idea of a comic book set after the cataclysmic end of the “Age of Reptiles”. The story would center on little mammals struggling for dominance in a post-apocalyptic wasteland. I was instantly taken with the idea. There's a ton of fiction about dinosaurs, but barely anything about what happened just after the Mesozoic Era ended.

But I didn't return to the idea until fifteen years later. Now a single parent, I thought about what it would be like to raise children in the aftermath of a global catastrophe. And so I began to write Paleocene as the story of a mother proto-primate, stuck with her children in the last tree standing, wondering where her mate has disappeared to.

An Allosaurus and Stegosaurus face off, illustration © Ken Kokoszka

Colorado artist Ken Kokoszka's Kickstarter campaign to fund a book of his #Dinovember art has fully funded, but you can still get in on the action. In the campaign description, he writes, "As I delved into these drawings I had the opportunity to revel in the new science that had developed in paleontology since I had last researched the ancient animals. So many new discoveries have been unearthed over the last two decades that it felt like every drawing was the start of a new research project." A sentiment many of us can relate to!

A Moment of Paleoart Zen

Zuul! When you've got an awesome portrait by Danielle Dufault, why not? I love the personality in this piece, and the striking green coloration is a nice change of pace for a thyreophoran (queue an avalanche of links to green ankylosaurs in the comments).

Zuul crurivastator ilustrated by Danielle Dufault, © Royal Ontario Museum.

Moringa Powder: Benefits (Everyday)

The health benefits and uses of moringa powder, also known as drumstick or mallunggay powder.

1. Moringa powder is made from the dried leaves of the moringa oleifera, a drought-resistant tree native to warm climates around the world.

2. This powder has been used as a natural medicine for thousands of years and has many health benefits. This is also known as “The miracle tree”.

3. You can purchase this powder from health food stores, it is recommended to purchase the organic variety as this is the most powerful.

4. This powder contains 46 types of antioxidants, over 92 nutrients and a host of anti-inflammatory compounds, making it one of the most powerful super foods in the world. 

5. You should take 1 to 2 teaspoons of this powder every day to boost your health rapidly. This can be added to cold water to make a tea, or blended into smoothies or juices. It has a green earthy taste, similar to spinach.

6. The powerful antioxidants are extremely powerful in destroying free radicals in the blood stream. This reduces oxidative stress, and allows your body to heal from over 300 types of medical conditions.

7. The UV in sunshine can be damaging to the skin, however the antioxidants within moringa power aid in protecting the skin from cancer and premature aging. 

8. You can also use fresh moringa leaves to make a tea, however the nutrients within the powder are more easily absorbed by the body.

9. The amino acids within the powder triggers elevated energy levels, making you sharper, more alert and awake.

10. When taking this regularly, the liver will begin to work more efficiently as this causes it to flush out fat stores. 

11. This also works well for regulating the hormone levels in the body, especially for post-menopausal women. 

12. Many people with stomach ulcers use this remedy to heal these and improve the digestive system.

13. Those with high cholesterol levels are at risk of heart problems. This powder prevents plaque from building up in the arteries. This works well when you also perform a small amount of exercise each week.

14. New studies are showing that moringa may also work as a treatment for Alzheimer’s disease, however more research is required.

15. The powder also helps to regulate blood sugar levels, therefore providing a soothing effect on those with diabetes.

16. Many mothers who are breast feeding their babies use moringa to increase the nutrients within their milk, helping their baby to grow healthily.

17. The powder can also be made into a paste by adding a little water. This can be applied to the skin to treat bacterial and fungal skin infections, and also pimples.

18. Those with a low sexual drive can use moringa powder to boost their libido and sexual function.

19. Some also refer to this as the “elixir of life” as it contains high concentrations of zeatin. This is a plant hormone which has been linked to slowing down the aging process of the body. 

20. A little moringa powder can be added to your plant pots to speed up the growth of seedlings.

21. The rich iron content and Vitamin A fights anaemia and is therefore recommended for those on a plant based diet, such as vegans.

22. If you prefer, you can purchase moringa as dried leaves, fresh or in capsule form.

23. Other parts of the moringa tree are used in traditional medicine, including the bark, seeds, pods, roots, sap and flowers. Please see our  other videos to learn more.

Castor Oil: for Cataracts

How to use castor oil to get rid of cataracts.

1. The eyes are some of the most important organs in the human body, giving us sight to enjoy all of the images and colours that the world has to offer.

Cataracts can be very uncomfortable for people, as the eyes become cloudy, and their vision becomes impaired. This affects many people over the age of 65, but can also happen at any age.

2. Cataracts can be brought on by old age, vitamin deficiencies, diabetes, other eye conditions or prolonged use of corticosteroid drugs.

3. The good news is that castor oil is a very old natural remedy which can treat the eyes are get rid of cataracts over time.

4. Castor oil is incredibly rich in antioxidants, especially vitamin E and vitamin C.  People all around the world have used this to heal cataracts and other eye conditions.

5. To follow this treatment you must use Pure Cold Pressed USP Grade Castor Oil, which is hexane free. It is very important that you only ever use pharmaceutical grade oil as this doesn’t contain any harmful chemicals.  You will also need an eye dropper bottle.

6. Place 2 drops of the oil into each eye before bed.  This works as an ointment, and makes the vision blurry for a short period of time, which is why it is best to do this at night. One treatment per day is all that is needed. 

7. The rich antioxidants help to fight free radical damage in the eyes, allowing them to heal naturally. This process takes between 1-6 months depending on how damaged the eyes are.

8. This treatment also gets rid of dry eyes, and helps to boost tear production over time, leaving you with healthy bright eyes.

9. Many doctors now believe that free radicals are the main cause of cataracts and glaucoma, which is why you should have plenty of antioxidants in your diet to destroy these harmful molecules. 

10. We also recommend drinking fresh coconut water daily during this treatment. The minerals within this liquid help the proteins within the lens of the eyes to relax. 

11. Castor oil has a great range of other health benefits. To learn more about this or other natural remedies for the eyes, please see our other videos.

How To: Pick The Perfect Pineapple

How to Pick The Perfect Pineapple

Pineapples are delicious fruits which have some wonderful health benefits, especially for those who suffer with osteoarthritis.

There are a few tricks that you can use to pick out a perfectly ripe and tasty pineapple.

1. Check the colour. Look for a pineapple which has a golden coloured skin. This means that the pineapple is ripe. Avoid those which are completely green. Pineapples ripen from the bottom up, so be sure to choose one which is yellow at least half way up.
2. Smell the pineapple. You can tell ripeness from simply taking a sniff of the base of the fruit. If this smells sweet like pineapple juice then then it is perfectly ripe. If it has hardly any smell at all, this means that It isn’t ripe enough yet. If it has a musty, or fermented smell like vinegar, then it is going bad and you should avoid this one.

3. Check the leaves. If the leaves on the top of the pineapple look dried out and break when you touch them, then this pineapple is going bad.

Be sure to use these tips when choosing your healthy pineapples.

It’s best not to store your whole pineapple in the refrigerator, until they are perfectly ripe. Then simply peel and slice these and store in an airtight container in the fridge.

Did you know that pineapples contain a powerful protein extract called bromelain. This is a natural pain killer and works especially well for joint pain. 

To learn more about the health benefits of pineapple juice, please see our other videos.

Thank you very much for listening, a like is always appreciated and remember to subscribe for more healthy videos. I wish you great health, wealth and happiness.

How To: Pick The Perfect Avocado

Avocados are delicious fruits which are becoming more popular nowadays because of their wonderful health benefits.

There are a few tricks that you can use to pick out a perfectly ripe avocado, with the best quality flesh inside.

1. Check the avocado base to see if there is a stem. This often looks like a small brown plug. If there isn’t a stem, do not buy it as this can become rotten very quickly.

2. Choose the largest avocados you can find. The bigger they are, the healthier their growing cycle was. These are likely to be tastier and more nutritious.

3. Look for rounder avocados rather than long shaped ones. These contain more flesh inside, giving you better value for money.

4. Check for ripeness. Gently squeeze the avocado with the palm of your hand and be very careful to not bruise the fruit.  An under ripe avocado will be very hard, and an over ripe one will feel extremely soft. Finding the perfect balance can be done with practise. Do not use the fingertips.

5. Check the skin for shininess. A duller avocado skin indicates that the fruit is better quality.

6. Look at the avocados in the store and see how some are lighter shades of green than others. The darker avocados are riper.  If you do chose to buy light green avocados, you can ripen these up at home in a few days.

Be sure to use these tips when choosing your healthy avocados.

If you would like to ripen your avocados at home, simply place them in a brown bag with a banana. The gas from the banana will cause the fruit to ripen more quickly within a day or two.

When your avocado is at the perfect level of ripeness you can place them in the refrigerator to keep them fresh for a little longer. 

Did you now that these fruits have more potassium than bananas, and contain healthy fats which can help to protect your heart from bad cholesterol.

You can also eat the avocado seed and leaves for more health benefits. Please see our other videos to learn more. 

How To: Pick The Perfect Watermelon

How to choose the perfect watermelon.

Watermelons are one of world’s juiciest and tastiest fruits, but many people do not know how to find the best watermelon in the store.

There are a few tricks that you can use to identify the juiciest and sweetest watermelons before you buy.

1. Chose a watermelon that is round and symmetrical, rather than the long or tall variety. The round watermelons are female and have a sweeter taste.

2. Take a look at the bottom of the watermelon, and find one with the largest yellow patch. The larger the patch, means that the fruit was sat in the sun for a longer time, allowing it to ripen and become tastier. 

3. Examine the tail of the watermelon. This is also known as the stem which sticks out in the middle. If this is green, the fruit is not ripe. Instead look for a watermelon with a dried out tail.

4. Test for weight. A good quality watermelon will feel heavier than other melons. This means it has more juice, and a denser fruit with more nutrients.

5. Look for brown webbing on the base. This looks like dirty bruises which web outwards on the watermelon skin. This webbing is a good sign, that the plant was over pollinated by the bees, making this watermelon even more delicious and sweet.

6. Never choose a watermelon which is a strange shape, this means that it may not have got enough water or sunlight during its growth.

7. Take a look at where the stripes of the watermelon meet at the centre of the base. The closer the gaps between the lines means the skin is thinner, with more fruit inside.

8. Thump the watermelon with the palm of your hand. A ripe watermelon will have a deep hollow sound with more vibration, whereas an under ripe melon will sound dull.

Be sure to keep these tips in mind when shopping for you next watermelon.

The seeds of this fruit can also be eaten or boiled into a healthy tea for some fantastic health benefits. Please see our other video on this to learn more. 

Did you know that in Japan, square, pyramid and heart shaped watermelons are grown. These are quite expensive and are made by growing the fruits inside shaped molds. 

Cherries: for Gout (Natural Remedy)

The benefits of using cherries to treat gout.

1. Gout is a painful condition and a type of arthritis. This is where the blood contains too much uric acid and crystals begin to form in the joints. This triggers some severe pain, and can cause permanent damage over time.

2. It is hard to treat gout with medicine, but there are some natural foods which you can use to ease your pain, and protect the joints and tendons from long term damage.

3. Cherries have been scientifically shown to reduce uric acid levels in the blood, and bring down inflammation. This prevents new crystals from forming in the joints and reduces pain.

4. Black cherries also known as dark cherries are the best, because they contain powerful flavonoid pigments which work fast to ease the problem.

5. You can also find similar benefits from raspberries and blueberries, but dark cherries have the best effect.

6. Taking one tablespoon of liquid cherry extract every day for 4 months has been shown to reduce gout attacks by 50 percent.

7. If you prefer you could eat dark cherries on a daily basis, but the liquid extract is more potent and will heal your body faster.

8. Usually to help treat an episode of gout, doctors will prescribe a shot of corticosteroids, but these can cause problems and lower your immune system, so it is better to prevent gout from flaring up in the first place. 

9. Celery seed extract is yet another powerful remedy which you can take alongside cherry extract. This helps your body to flush out the uric acid build up by stimulating the kidneys, before crystals are formed in the joints. 

10. It is also recommended to reduce the amount of alcohol you drink, as this can cause inflammation and irritate gout.

11. Being overweight can also put a strain on your body and kidneys, so try to keep within a healthy BMI range.

12. Black cherries have also shown to help prevent neurological diseases, and calm down the nervous system helping you to sleep better at night, treating depression and chronic headaches.

13. To learn more about natural remedies please see our other videos. 

Saffron: for Eyesight

The benefits of using saffron to improve the eyesight.

1. Poor eyesight is a common problem nowadays, and the solution is usually to wear eyeglasses to improve vision. However there are certain herbs and spices which can naturally improve the vision, and prevent the eyes from deteriorating.

2. Saffron is an exotic spice which comes from the crocus sativus flower. This is often used in cooking to add flavour and has also been used for hundreds of years as a natural medicine.

3. Scientific studies have shown that taking saffron every day increases visual acuity, helping you to see things clearer and sharper. This works for both close up objects and those far away.

4. Macular degeneration is also on the rise in older people, due to poor diets and visual stress. Saffron taken long term can reduce the risk of this happening because of the powerful carotenoids which it contains.

5. Light sensitivity is also a problem which affects many people, therefore needing to use sunglasses more often.  Taking saffron daily will help the eyes to adjust to light more easily.

6. In order for this to work, it is recommended to take 20mg of saffron per day. It is important to purchase a high quality organic saffron for the best effects.

7. You can add this to a cup of boiling water and make herbal tea. This often has a medicine like taste, often described as metallic honey with a grassy flavour. Be sure to add a little raw honey if you would like to improve the flavour. 

8. You can also get this in capsule form if you prefer, as this makes it easier to take daily. This will protect against vision loss over the course of the human life.

9. For further vision improvement, we also recommend lutein, alpha-carotene, zeaxanthin, and astaxanthin. These are also excellent supplements which work alongside saffron.

10. Maintaining a balanced diet, with plenty of foods rich in Vitamin A such as Kale, eggs and carrots will help your eyes to produce healthy tears, protecting them from infections such as conjunctivitis.
11. To learn more about natural remedies and healthy spices, please see our other videos. 

Book review: Maja Säfström’s "Animals of a Bygone Era: An Illustrated Compendium"

“Dinosaurs have intentionally been left out of this book to give some attention to less popular – but still fascinating – creatures that once lived on this planet.”

Thus begins Maja Säfström’s Animals of a Bygone Era: An Illustrated Compendium, a new book that I suspect will be of great interest to this blog’s readers, dinosaurs or no. Besides, Maja’s not technically correct – there are some wonderful avian dinosaurs that made the cut. And there are plenty of Mesozoic relations of the dinosaurs proper.

The cover for Maja Säfström’s Animals of a Bygone Era: An Illustrated Compendium © 2017 Ten Speed Press

The aesthetic is simple, but indirect. Säfström approaches her subjects with more of an eye for their alien charm than for strict fidelity to their anatomy. Rendered in stark black and white, with great attention paid to textural, patterned line work, her animals will appeal to those of you who appreciate a fanciful take on paleoillustration. There’s a cock-eyed, occasionally Seussian quality to the work that I find eminently appealing.

Säfström’s writing is plain-spoken, jargon-light, and witty, with some of the jokey dialogue given to her creatures reminding me of Rosemary Mosco’s Bird and Moon comics. “Wings are overrated – look at my beak instead. It’s huge! Best Regards, Terror Bird,” says a terror bird. The educational content varies from simple facts like the size of the eyes of Opthalmosaurus or the diet of Gigantopithecus to brief references to changing paleontological viewpoints on oddballs like Helicoprion.

No book is without small sins, of course (take it from me, the knucklehead who messed up the extinction date of the mammoths). The biggest one I saw here was the repetition of the old canard that the giant azhdarchids’ flight capabilities were questionable, but this just gives Säfström the opportunity to discover the glory that is Wittonalia.

The Helicoprion spread from Maja Säfström’s Animals of a Bygone Era: An Illustrated Compendium © 2017 Ten Speed Press

Small quibbles like that do not take away from the value of this book, which is populated by a wide array of often-overlooked prehistoric animals. Säfström lovingly introduces readers to such animals as Synthetoceras, Nuralagus rex, Coryphodon, Sharovipteryx, Pteraspis, and Macrauchenia. At the risk of alienating myself from present company, there were even animals here I’d never heard of, such as the “horned gopher” Ceratogaulus.

I’ve seen an upswing of interest in highly stylized paleoillustration online lately, much of this thanks to Johan Egerkrans’ stunning pieces recently shared with the Paleoartists group on Facebook. While more surreal than Egerkrans' work, I imagine there could be a healthy crossover between the two artists’ fan base. As someone who primarily works in this vein, it’s heartening to see support for such work, and I hope that Animals of a Bygone Era finds its audience.

Buy it here and read Säfström's post about it at her site.

Vintage Dinosaur Art: Dinosaurs (Books for Young Explorers)

Once again, Charles Leon has sent me a real peach. Dinosaurs (part of the National Geographic Society's Books for Young Explorers series) was published in 1972 and features artwork by Jay H Matternes, with text from Kathryn Jackson. Matternes was an accomplished palaeoartist, but given that his speciality and main area of interest was apparently fossil primates (particularly hominids), his name will be unfamiliar to many dinosaur enthusiasts (it certainly was to me). In spite of this, his work here is beautifully painted and easily a match for near enough anything else around at the time.

According to his website, Matternes worked with a great number of illustrious clients, from Nat Geo to Time to all manner of natural history museums. Based on his talents here alone, it's easy to see why. The illustrations here are all very retro now, of course, and typically early '70s in many respects - in the underdeveloped musculature of the dinosaurs, their often tail-dragging postures, and so on. However, it's the appreciation of fine detail, the often surprising dynamism of the pieces, and the entirely naturalistic feel of the animals that let us know there's an accomplished artist at work.

But before we get to all that, let's just take a moment to appreciate these excellent 1970s fashions. Rockin' those stripy trousers there, kids.

Our story begins, as it is wont to do, in the Triassic. A herd of Placerias-like beasties are hanging around a swamp, trying to avoid the attentions of a big-headed smiley fellow. At the lower edge of this scene - leading us off over the next page and on to the Mesozoic adventures to follow - are a pair of generic 'thecodonts' (possibly based on Lagosuchus or Euparkeria). Tellingly, the thecodonts seem to have had the most detail lavished upon them; they feel better textured and more solidly three-dimensional than the other animals in the scene. Which isn't to say that the whole thing isn't beautifully painted, not to mention remarkably peaceful-feeling. That can't last.

No sooner have the 'thecodonts' had a chance to evolve into true dinosaurs, than they are snapped up by some prowling phytosaur by the water's edge. (Of course, these days Saltopus is thought to have been a dinosauriform rather than a 'true' dinosaur. Sucks for Saltopus.) I would mention that the attention to detail on the phytosaur here (crater nostrils!) is commendable, but I'm being far too distracted by the water. That water's gorgeous. I might even be tempted to go for a swim if it wasn't quite so rust-coloured.

Now we're into more solidly dinosaurian territory (except for Teratosaurus).The plateosaurs are fine and dandy for the time, but I love the angry Coelophysis in the lower right. Crouched down, tail whipping in the air, mouth wide open, it's spoiling for a fight.

Perhaps my least favourite piece is this one featuring a merry band of very Knightian brontosaurs, trudging boringly off into the water to escape Allosaurus' clutches. At first glance, there isn't a lot that elevates this above a typical Knight/Burian clone, but the fantastic work done on the sky and water in particular does demonstrate a superior artist at work. Hey, dinosaurs weren't his speciality.

And now we come to the main reason I opted to write a post about this book rather than one of the many others Charles has sent me recently - a brachiosaur with a rainbow. Well, almost a rainbow. Again, at first glance, one might be tempted to write this off as another Burian knock-off (even if the brachiosaur is happily standing on dry land). However, note all the small things - the carefully shaded muscle tone, the intricately detailed head, and the single claw on each hand. And again, the sky. I love a good sky.

On to the Late Cretaceous, and the skies aren't as spectacular, but the above piece is one of my absolute favourites. It's just plain gorgeous to look at - the animals' skin textures are handled beautifully, with any number of lifelike folds, wrinkles and bony nodules, and for the time they are superb from an anatomical standpoint. I mean, Styracosaurus actually appears to have a neck and defined muscles, rather than simply being a large tube attached to four smaller, stubbier tubes. The background details are especially superb in this one - the trees are beautiful, of course, but notice also small details such as the tiny mammals directly below the Styracosaurus. Lovely.

And so to Rexy. The head may look a little strange, but this is a very forward-thinking restoration for the early 1970s, and well-researched with it. Note in particular the appropriately tiny arms (by no means a given even now), firmly horizontal posture and birdlike feet. While the muscles are rather weedy (typical of pre-Dino Renaissance thinking), this is a portrait of an alert, active predator.

Ankylosaurus, meanwhile, is also quite typical in being a "Palaeoscincus"-style mish-mash of nodosaurid and ankylosaurid features (the shoulder spikes are very Edmontonia). In spite of this, this is another very good restoration from a time when ankylosaurs tended to be depicted as short-tailed grumpy pineapples with four feet, but no legs.

Unfortunately, the book's hadrosaurs are still web-footed water-dwellers feeding on soft 'n' mushy material, but at least they're well painted; the wonderful pebbly skin texture on the foreground individual reminds me of Bernard Robinson's work, only with rather more anatomical accuracy. In spite of being so ostensibly trope-tastic (angry geography, aquatic hadrosaurs, Pteranodon overhead etc. etc.) this is still a very convincing-looking scene. Just don't mention the fact that the animals depicted here predated T. rex by millions of years (although to be fair, Rexy isn't actually in the painting).

Monoclonius didn't live alongside Rexy either, but it hasn't stopped the two animals sparring over the years in palaeoart (and short films). Here, Rexy attempts to intimidate the ceratopsians with his birdlike strut and gaping maw, but they're having none of it. The flatter-than-Flevoland landscapes do get a bit tedious, but you've got to admire any work from 1972 that features a T. rex that almost looks like it was painted a good 20 years later.

Since the centrosaurs aren't budging, Rexy decides to tackle something twice as large and with a bad temper. As you do.

Yes, it's the front cover again. This painting doesn't quite feel of a piece with the others; the style seems to have changed, and the depiction of T. rex, formerly consistent, suddenly sports obvious differences (it's not even the same colour). It's gorgeously painted, but feels more 'retro' than the rest of the book. I'd hazard a guess that it was painted some years beforehand, and recycled here. It feels more like a standalone piece, with finer detail throughout, than the others (not to mention the fact that it seems weirdly familiar). If anyone has a clue, then let me know...

And finally...the endpapers, just as a reminder of what most other palaeoart was like at the time. Drag them tails, boys.

How I Define Fast Fashion: The Ubiquitous White Shirt

*Post originally written by Olivia J on The Unknown Beauty Blog. If you see this post on another site, it has been stolen.*
*Referral link*

Finding a reasonably priced white shirt usually means a cheap quality fabric, probably the fast fashion type which I am not a fan of at all.  I wasn't in the mood to spend money only to waste it on crappy clothing.  I decided to just go back to the true meaning of fast fashion, one that I grew up with.

I beg you, click to read more »

Shatavari Powder: Benefits & Uses (Men & Women)

The health benefits and uses of shatavari powder, also know as wild asparagus.

1. Shatavari is a herb which has been used for thousands of years as a natural remedy in Ayurveda, Unani and Siddha.

2. This is a species of wild asparagus which grows throughout Nepal, Sri Lanka, India and the Himalayas, but can be purchased worldwide.

3. The roots and stems of this wonderful herb are often dried and ground to a fine powder. This preserves their health benefits and allows them to be easily taken.

4. This powder is most commonly used to support the female body throughout their lives by balancing hormone levels. 

5. This is excellent for regulating the menstrual cycle (periods) for women of all ages, and also reducing the symptoms of the menopause such as hot flashes and sweating.

6. Shatavari Powder can be taken on a daily basis, and will boost fertility and the reproductive system of both the female and male body. This increases thee chances of pregnancy for couples.

7. It helps women to shed excess water weight which is held in the body during monthly periods.

8. It contains isoflavonoids, soluble fibers and complex sugars which boost the digestive system and flushes out toxins from the gut.

9. This also has a cooling effect on the body and works well to treat a low fever, stomach ulcers, diarrhea and vomiting.

10. It has been shown to fight harmful bacteria in the body such as Shigella dysenteriae, Staphylococcus aerus, candida albicians, E.coli and many others.

11. Women who suffer with a lot of white discharge from the vagina will also benefit from this herbal remedy, as this can balance the ph levels and treat infections. This is often used to get rid of thrush infections.

12. This powder is often mixed with ashwaghanda powder, another excellent herb used in natural medicine. This works particularly well for detoxing the body of medications, cancer treatment drugs and toxins found in unhealthy foods.

13. It increases the amount of semen produced by men, and can also boost the immune system helping to promote strength, sex drive and reproductive health.

14. The phytoestrogens in this herb balance ladies long term health, preventing the risk of heart diseases and osteoporosis when used throughout life.

15. Many people have used this as a natural remedy for leaky guy syndrome and cleaning out the digestive tract. 

How to use this at home.
You Will Need

1 Teaspoon Organic Shatavari Powder (Herbal)
250ml Milk, or Fruit Juice
Simply add the shatavari powder to your drink of choice and drink this once per day.  Or if you prefer, take 1/2 teaspoon in the morning and 1/2 teaspoon at night

Drink this on a daily basis to support your health. This can also be added to many of the herbal teas seen on our channel.

To learn more about healthy herbs and natural remedies, please see our other videos.

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